• Period pain
  • Breast pain
  • Headache
  • Muscle/ joint/ back pain
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis/ Adenomyosis
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Vulval/ insertion pain (vaginismus)

Tips and tricks...

Period pain

Period pain occurs when the muscular wall of the womb rapidly tightens and contracts. Just before and during menstruation, the wall of the womb does this more vigorously to remove its lining.

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Fibroids are growths that develop in or around the womb. They’re sometimes known as uterine myomas or leiomyomas. Fibroids are a common cause of heavier periods.

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Breast pain

Breast pain, also called mastalgia, is very common. The pain may be felt as heaviness or soreness, or a stabbing or burning sensation. It can be felt in any part of the breast.

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A condition where cells like the ones in the lining of the womb are found elsewhere in the body. Unlike the cells in the womb that leave the body as a period, this blood has no way to escape.

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Cyclical headaches are common (possibly due to water retention), whereas menstrual migraine is an underlying health condition. Note- menstrual migraines do not always include a headache!

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Ovarian cysts

These are fluid-filled sacs that develop on a woman’s ovary. They’re very common and don’t usually cause any symptoms. They can cause pain if they rupture, or block the blood supply to the ovaries.

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Muscle/ joint/ back pain

Cyclical muscle or joint pain typically occurs just before and during menstruation. The most commonly affected parts of the body are; the neck, shoulders, the lower back, hips and thighs.

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Vulva/ insertion pain

Vaginismus- when the vaginal opening suddenly tightens up when you try to insert something into it e.g. a tampon, menstrual cup, or during sex. It can be painful and unsettling but is easily treated.

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Relevant blogs...

Period pain- what's normal?

Is your period pain 'normal'… or a sign of PMI, endometriosis, or fibroids? Yet again, the silence created by the menstrual taboo has led to unnecessary suffering, and confusion. Let’s bust some myths!

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Reframing the endometriosis 'diagnostic' problem

The lack of a reliable endometriosis biomarker test is not the main problem faced by those who seek a diagnosis. It relates to clinicians not taking their experiences seriously, and failing to provide evidenced-based information.

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The pain that dare not speak its name

A UK survey reveals a surprising level of secrecy around period pain. Many people are reluctant to talk about, or seek professional help for, menstrual cycle-related symptoms.

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